National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine

Spring Wheat

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  •  Uliublena

    An intensive cultivar with excellent bread-making indicators

  • Barvysta

    An intensive cultivar with excellent bread-making indicators

  • Holikovska

    An intensive universal cultivar

  •  Yunika

    An intensive cultivar with increased content of carotenoids and high pasta indicators  

  •  Kharkivska 39
    Kharkivska 39

    An early-season cultivar with high grain vitreousness and high drought resistance

  • Spadshchyna

    An mid-ripening cultivar. Highly adaptable. Excellent pasta indicators

  • Ksantiia

    An early-season cultivar. Highly adaptable. Excellent pasta indicators

  • Demira

    An intensive double-purpose cultivar with high potential yield

To maximize the potential of spring wheat cultivars in terms both of yield and of grain quality, the timely and appropriate implementation of all technological methods of cultivation is a pre-requisite.

In the forest-steppe, the best forecrops for spring wheat are winter fallow, weed-free intertilled crops (corn for green fodder and silage, potato, gourds, sugar beet in wet years), wide-row groats crops, pea, annual cereal/legume mixtures, perennial grass mat and its turnover. In the steppe the best forecrops are winter fallow, corn for green fodder and silage, pea, comlete fallow, and gourds.

Spring wheat is demanding to nutrition, especially durum wheat. To obtain high-quality grain, root fertilization with NO2 (30 kg/ha of active substance when the seed layer of soil is wet) and foliar fertilization with 15-20% urea solution (NO2 dose 15 kg/ha at stages VIII - X of organogenesis with ground sprayers along tramlines are effective.

Successful cultivation of spring wheat under insufficient and unstable soil moisture largely depends on the timely and appropriate field efforts. In spring, after the soil surface reaches the physical maturity, the seedbed preparation is carried out according to the classic algorythm - harrowing the land plowed in autumn for spring sowing and secondary tillage.

Seeds are sown in the first days of spring field activities. It is mandatory to treat seeds with the same agents at the same concentrations that are used for winter wheat. The best way of sowing is row sowing.

To eradicate weeds in the tillering phase, spring wheat crops are treated with herbicides - 2,4-D-derivatives, Dialen or Granstar. To protect crops, one shoould use the same ahents that are recommended for winter wheat.