THE PLANT PRODUCTION INSTITUTE named after V.YA. YURIEV
National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine

Winter wheat

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  • Moskal
    Moskal

    Universal, undemanding to growing conditions, high-yielding

  • Shulyndinka
    Shulyndinka

    Universal, undemanding to growing conditions, high-yielding, for growing in the steppe

  • Pryazovska
    Pryazovska

    Universal, undemanding to growing conditions, high-yielding, for growing in the steppe

  •  Rozkishna
    Rozkishna

    A mid ripening, mid-tall, lodging resistant cultivar, with increased winter hardiness. In the field, it is tolerant of major diseases.

  • Alians
    Alians

    Intensive cultivar, undemanding to growing conditions, with high potential yield and exceptional drought resistance

  • Doskonala
    Doskonala

    Exceptionally frost-tolerant cultivar. It is recommended to sow after the worst forecrops and for late (out of necessity) sowing

  • Doridna
    Doridna

    A universal, undemanding to growing conditions cultivar. It is recommended for growing after non-fallow forecrops

  • Statna
    Statna

    A mid ripening, mid-tall, lodging resistant cultivar, with increased winter hardiness. In the field, it is tolerant of major diseases

  • Zapashna
    Zapashna

    An intensive, lodging resistant cultivar, with increased winter hardiness. In the field, it is tolerant of major diseases

  • Fermerka
    Fermerka

    A universal cultivar, giving stable high yields. This cultivar is noticeable for its high grain quality and among the best cultivars in terms of this characteristic

  • Pryvablyva
    Pryvablyva

    A universal cultivar, suitable for growing after any forecrop by intensive technology

  • Pryvitna
    Pryvitna

    A universal cultivar, suitable for growing after any forecrop by intensive technology. It is noticeable for a high output of seeds

  • Zdobna
    Zdobna

    An intensive, mid-ripening cultivar with short stems. High output of seeds

  • Krasa Laniv
    Krasa Laniv

    An early-ripening, intensive cultivar, with short stems

  • Patriotka
    Patriotka

    A universal, undemanding to growing conditions cultivar

Winter wheat is the main cereal in Ukraine, occupying the largest area under cereals of about 6-7 million hectares annually. About 500,000 hectares are sown with this crop in the Kharkivska Oblast. The weather conditions in the Eastern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine vary from year to year and from season to season. Resistance of winter wheat plants to unfavorable winter factors begins to develop in autumn and is determined by weather and agronomic conditions as well as by genotype. The main causes of crop damage include, first of all, low temperatures without sufficient snow cover and ice crust appearing because of extended thaws. Therefore, caltivars must have (along with high performance) high adaptability and resistance to unfavorable bio- and abiotic factors at all stages of plant growth and development. Creation of caltivars that are resistant to unfavorable conditions of cultivation is the primary objective of breeders. In this regard, as well as taking into account the level of logistics of agricultural producers and different levels of agriculture, the Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev NAAS breeds winter wheat in the following areas:

- Semi-intensive caltivars type for poor and medium agricultural background, suitable for sowing after late harvested forecrops (sunflower, grain corn), with high frost tolerance and winter hardiness (7-8 points), high drought resistance at all stages of ontogenesis, adaptability to late sowing, high tillering capacity upon in late autumn and early spring, large spikes, medium hight (100-120 cm), resistance to diseases, and high grain quality. In this area, caltivars Doskonala, Doridna, Pryvablyva, Pryvitna, Patriotka, and Prynada have been created and successfully introduced into production.

- Universal caltivars, which are suitable for growing after different forecrops, the best of them are black fallow, sown steam, perennial grasses, silage corn grown by conventional or intensive technology, frost tolerant and winter hardy (7-7.5 points), resistant to lodging and diseases, drought-resistant, adaptable to a wide timeframe of sowing, mid-tall (90-110 cm), with high tillering capacity (700 and more productive shoots per 1 m2) and good grain quality. These caltivars have genetically determined high lower yield thresholds, ensuring the efficient use of natural soil fertility; they do not require large amounts of mineral fertilizers and, under normal conditions, measures to control common diseases (due to increased resistance) to give high and stable yields. In this area, the following caltivars have been created and introduced into production: Hordovita, Rozkishna, Statna, and Fermerka.

- Intensive caltivars for rich agricultural background; the best predecessor is black fallow with optimal doses of mineral fertilizers. These caltivars have short-stems (80-90 cm), are lodging resistant, resistant to diseases, winter-hardy, drought-resistant, and boast good grain quality. The following caltivars have been created in this area: Alians, Zapashna, Zdobna, Dyvo, Harmonika, Krasa Laniv.

Winter wheat caltivars bred at the Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev NAAS have productivity potentials of over 10.0 t/ha, complex resistance to biotic and abiotic environmental factors, which allows obtaining consistently high yields of high quality grain. They are characterized by high frost tolerance of 7.5-8.5 points (the critical freezing temperature is -17 - -18°C), ensuring stable yields under unfavorable conditions of overwintering. Frost tolerance of caltivar Doskonala is equal to that of the check caltivar for winter hardiness, Ferrugineum 1239, (8.5 points).

According to grain quality indicators, winter wheat caltivars Doskonala, Doridna, Rozkishna, Alians, Statna, Zapashna, Fermerka, Dyvo, Krasa Laniv, and Prynada belong to strong wheat, caltivars Pryvitna, Zdobna, Pryvablyva, Hordovyta, Dyvo, Harmonika, and Patriotka - to valuable wheat.