THE PLANT PRODUCTION INSTITUTE named after V.YA. YURIEV
National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine

Millet

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  • Slobozhanske
    Slobozhanske

    A high-yielding cultivar, with excellent qualities of groats, bright yellow millet, fluffy groats. The groats taste score is 4.8-5.0

  • Konstantynivske
    Konstantynivske

    A high-yielding cultivar, with good technological parameters of grain and excellent customers’ want-satisfying qualities of groats

  • Vitrylo
    Vitrylo

    A high-yielding cultivar, with high technological and biochemical parameters of the grain and groats qualities

  • Bohatyrske
    Bohatyrske

    A feed cultivar, with large grains. Resistant to lodging and shedding. Resistant to common in Ukraine smut races

  • Alternatyvne
    Alternatyvne

    A high-yielding cultivar with amylose-free starch. Suitable for technical purposes as well as for the use in food, feed, medication and biofuel industries

  • Osoblyve
    Osoblyve

    A high-yielding cultivar with amylose-free starch. Suitable for technical purposes as well as for the use in food, medication and biofuel industries

  • Sonechko Slobidske
    Sonechko Slobidske

    A high-yielding cultivar with high resistance to unfavorable conditions of cultivation

  • Nezalezhne
    Nezalezhne

    A high-yielding cultivar with with excel-lent qualities of grain and groats. Re-sistant to common in Ukraine smut races. Adapted to growing in any zone

  • Kozatske
    Kozatske

    A high-yielding cultivar with high indi-cators of the grain and groats qualities

The Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev of NAAS has been breeding millet for over 100 years. During this period, 20 millet cultivars were transferred to producers, and 11 of them  were created in 1930-1996. Recently, 9 new cultivars have been included in the State Register of Plant Varieties Suitable for Dissemination in Ukraine.

New cultivars have valuable economic characteristics: high tillering capacity, intensive root formation, highly productive panicles on the main and secondary stems, rapid recovery of plant turgor after wilting because of severe air and soil drought, resistance to leaf diseases, loose smut and bacterial leaf streak, resistance to pests, resistance to heat-induced underdevelopment of seeds, even paniculation, mild necking of panicles, resistance to lodging and shedding, optimal growing period, high content of protein with balanced composition of essential amino acids, and high carotenoid content.

The best forecrops for millet cultivation are winter cereals, sugar beets, grain legumes, and perennial legumes. Post-corn planting millet leads to severe corn borer-induced damage to crops. The main requirement for growing millet is weed-free fields, which can be achieved through mechanical eradication (stubble breaking, cultivation, harrowing) or with recommended herbicides.

Protection of millet crops against diseases (in particular, smut) and pests (corn borer, Stenodiplosis panici), which includes both organizational (crop rotation, tillage, sowing time) and chemical (seed dressing, crop spraying) measures, is a mandatory element of the cultivation technology.

The most radical and cost-effective method of controlling smut is the cultivation of resistant cultivars, such as Konstantynivske, Vitrylo, Yuvileine, Kozatske.

Provided that the cultivation technology requirements are adhered to, the novel millet cultivars give grain yields of 4.5-5.0 t/ha.